Probability states that you’re familiar with the importance of harvesting data from the internet for myriad reasons. However, full-service web scraping solutions can get quite pricey. Running a prebuilt tool can be more economical, but their budget versions are severely limited. To save the most money possible, you should consider using free libraries to build your own scraper.
There are a lot of options out there for multiple programming languages. Some are more beginner-friendly than others, particularly Python-based ones. Let’s go over some of the popular ones while covering what language they’re for and a little info about them.
But first, here are some things to keep in mind when you’re configuring a web scraper.
Best Practices When Web Scraping
Regardless of which language and library you choose to use, there are a few universal rules to follow when setting up your scraper for optimal results:
- Most important of all: use a rotating proxy! Ideally, you should go with residential IPs, but a datacenter proxy may be sufficient for your needs.
- Avoid using high-risk or suspicious IP geolocations for your target data.
- Set unique user agents for your requests, or use headless browsers.
- Set a believable native referral source. Just how often do you directly type in the exact sub-domain in your browser to go to an exact part of a website, instead of navigating through the site to get there?
- Set rate limits on your requests, ideally respecting the target site’s robots.txt settings.
- Run your threads asynchronously. A constant stream of requests with the exact same time gap in-between them while running parallel with each other is effortlessly detectable bot activity.
- Avoid using obvious red flag search operators. Making things too precise is pretty obviously not organic traffic.
Why Do I Need A Proxy When Web Scraping?
You’re surely familiar with the sheer quantity of anti-bot measures in place across the internet. We’ve all dealt with more than our fair share of annoying CAPTCHAs. A pool of rotating IPs takes care of the majority of the effort in masking the fact that all of your requests are coming from a program instead of a human user.
As datacenter proxies are readily detectable and are commonly attributed to botting, residential IPs are the way to go. Residential proxies are much more convincing when you’re trying to resemble organic traffic. This is, of course, what you should be aiming for to get the most reliable web scraping results.
Now, to get to the subject at hand: free libraries to build your own scraper.
Free Libraries For Scraping and Parsing
Since we all have different preferences and requirements, it’s pretty hard to pin down exactly what makes a particular library ideal for your use case. What I can do to help, though, is to give you a list of options with some information about them so you can make an informed decision.
Without further ado, and in no particular order, let’s begin!
Scrapy is one of the leading open-source Python libraries that offers great scalability for web scraping. It can handle all of the complicated components in crawling and scraping, at the cost of not being very newbie-friendly.
It is very widely used and it is largely considered one of the top-tier libraries out there. Thanks to this, there is extensive documentation available with tons of tutorials to get you started.
As to why it’s considered one of the best, well, the fact that benchmark tests put it at up to 20 times faster than other equivalent tools should give you some idea as to why. The extensive amount of modules for scraping and parsing complete with exacting customizations for both certainly helps.
While Scrapy isn’t beginner-friendly, BeautifulSoup most definitely is. When you don’t need the precision and power of Scrapy, BeautifulSoup will provide you with an easy means of parsing HTML.
Similar to Scrapy, BeautifulSoup is thoroughly tested and well-documented after years of use.
Cheerio has a similar API as jQuery. In the event that you’re already familiar with jQuery and are looking to parse HTML, you’re all set.
Puppeteer is Google’s headless Chrome API that grants precise control for NodeJS devs. It’s being developed and curated by the Google Chrome team in an open-source format.
Just keep in mind that it can be an absolute resource hog for the host machine. When you don’t need a full-on browser, you should probably consider a different tool.
As yet another open-source web scraping framework, Kimura is the leading popular Ruby library. It plays nice with PhantomJS, both headless Chrome and headless Firefox, and also normal GET requests.
It has some solid configuration options and has some similar syntax as Scrapy.
Goutte is an open-source PHP web crawling framework ideal for pulling HTML and XML data. As it is designed with simplicity in mind, it’s the most no-nonsense library on this list.
When you want to get a wee bit more advanced, it integrates smoothly with Guzzle for more customization.
There is no perfect web scraping tool library out there. They all have their own strengths and weaknesses, while also giving us freedom of choice over what programming language to use.
This list makes it easier to choose which one of the free libraries to build your own scraper with. All that’s left is to grab a trustworthy proxy so you can get started on web scraping right away. KocerRoxy is the perfect balance of high quality, high speed, and economic pricing so you can reliably harvest the data you need.